Origin of wine cultivation
The origin of wine cultivation in Portugal can be traced to the ancient times when the country was a part of the Roman Empire and this tradition was introduced into Portuguese culture and way of life by the Romans, Greeks, Carthaginians and Phoenicians. Prior to the fall of the Roman Empire, Portugal exported its wine to Rome.
Factors for wine cultivation
Portugal accounts for being one of the world’s foremost wine producers and it is interesting to note here that two of its wine producing regions have been recognized as world heritage sites by the UNESCO. These two regions include the Pico Island wine region and the Douro Valley wine region. One of the most significant factors determining supreme quality wine production is the type of grapes and the kind of soil and climate that they thrive in.